Domestic waste for compost from fruits and vegetables. Woman  throws garbage.

Domestic waste for compost from fruits and vegetables. Woman throws garbage.

Ever wonder what you should do with those kitchen scraps or banana peels in the dorms? There is an easy answer to this question:

Compost! 

According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, “Food scraps and yard waste together currently make up more than 28 percent of what we throw away.” This means that all this simply goes straight into the landfills that fill up our space on Earth. 

These items could easily be handled in a way that does no harm to the environment, but actually provides a great amount of benefits. 

For one, composting helps to successfully cut down on the amount of waste that goes into our environment. So many chain restaurants throw out the extra food scraps they have that may take a lot of time to actually decompose and they just become part of the big trash heaps in landfills. 

This is a rising issue because landfills are terrible for the environment. Not only do they leak harmful toxins in a type of “run-off” into nearby areas, but they also put out methane into the environment which is such a harmful greenhouse gas. 

Composting also provides many planting benefits. Composting is something that many gardeners use to provide nutrition for their soil. It keeps pests away and moisturizes the soil. Written on eartheasy.com, microscopic organisms are the beneficial factors that help to make the soil more rich. 

Composting may seem like an intimidating process, but once you get the hang of it, it is quite simple. You can compost inside with a compost bin, or outside with a compost pile or bin as well. 

The basics of composting is that there needs to be a healthy ratio of “green to brown” materials. There should be a two-thirds brown to one-third green material ratio. Brown materials consist of branches, leaves, coffee filters, egg shells, wood, etc. 

Green materials are typically food scraps, lawn clippings and kitchen waste. Make sure to turn the compost every other week to keep it healthy. 

If you are a student or reading from your home, check out the indoor compost bins on websites like Amazon. These are a super easy way to test out composting and dip your toes in the waters of how it is to have your own compost pile. 

AUGUST MUNOZ is a Blogger for The Vidette. She can be contacted at amuno14@ilstu.edu. Follow her on Twitter at @munoz_august

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